Disaster Risk Reduction and Readiness
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|Date||–||Tuesday, January 31, 2017|
|Time||–||4:00 – 5:30 p.m.|
The Institute of Crisis Management Studies
Dhumbarahi Marg, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
For directions please call: +977 1-4008181
|Speakers||–||Dr. Meen B. Poudyal Chhetri and Mr. William Berger|
Dr. Chhetri is the President of Nepal Center for Disaster Management (NCDM) and Chairman of The International Emergency Management Society (TIEMS)’s paper Review Committee. He is also the President of Nepal Association of Humphrey Fellows (NAHF). He has been appointed as a Adjunct Professor at the Queensland University of Technology in Brisbane, Australia from March 1, 2009. He is a faculty at the Institute of Crisis Management Studies in Kathmandu. In the past, he served as the Director of the Department of Disaster Management of the Government of Nepal from 2001 to 2003. In 2004 he worked as the Deputy Regional Administrator in Hetauda, Nepal. From 1995 to 1996, he was the Chief District Officer and Chairman of District Disaster Relief Committee in Dhading district of Nepal. Dr. Chhetri also held positions of Speaker, Special Officer, Director, Deputy Regional Administrator, Under Secretary and Investigation Officer in various government agencies of Nepal including the Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Education. Dr Chhetri was a Hubert H. Humphrey fellow at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland in 2002.
Topic: Gorkha Earthquake 2015 – Causes, Consequences, Socio- Economic Impacts, Lessons Learned and Way Forward
Nepal is prone to various types of disasters such as: earthquakes, floods, landslides, fires, epidemics, avalanches, windstorms, hailstorms, lightning, glacier lake outburst floods, droughts and extreme weather events. Among all these disasters – earthquake is the most scary and damaging. The effects of a disaster, whether natural or human induced, are often far reaching. In addition to the natural factors, the losses from disasters are increasing due to the human activities and absence of proactive legislations. Fundamentally, the weak structures have been found as the major cause of infrastructure collapse in earthquakes. This emphasizes the need for strict compliance of town planning bye-laws and earthquake resistant building codes. Thus, proactive disaster management legislation focusing on disaster preparedness is necessary. This paper analyses the critical gaps responsible for emphasizing the seismic risk and of factors that would contribute towards seismic risk reduction to enable various stakeholders to address the critical areas for improving seismic safety in Nepal and other earthquake prone countries. Additionally, this paper aims to pinpoint the deficiencies in disaster management system in Nepal with reference to the devastating earthquake of 25 April 2015 and suggest appropriate policy and advanced technical measures.
Mr. Berger is the Senior Regional Advisor of United States Agency for International Development's Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA). He lived in Nepal for over 18 years. He has 20 years of experience in humanitarian assistance in Asia. He responded over 30 disasters on behalf of US Government. This included Gujrat earthquake, Pakistan earthquake, Pakistan floods, Asian tsunami, earthquake and tsunami in Japan, and the 1993 flood in Nepal. For his work in Pakistan earthquake, he was awarded Star of Sacrifice, the highest civilian award given by Government of Pakistan. Mr. Berger now resides in Bangkok where he manages South Asia portfolio for US Government's foreign disaster assistance.
Topic: United States Assistance in Disaster Risk Reduction
America is proud to have been Nepal's partner in development for 70 years. Over the decades, the nature of America's cooperation has reflected Nepal's evolving priorities and new opportunities as each successive barrier to development has been overcome. Throughout this history of partnership, one of the key successes has been improving Nepal’s response to natural disasters, building resilience, and promoting opportunities for people adversely affected by poverty and disaster.
In the early years of our partnership, the United States Government, through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), focused on providing Nepal's citizens with basic infrastructure, eradicating malaria, and looking at ways to reduce risk from natural disasters. More recently, the United States provided emergency relief, food aid, and humanitarian assistance following the earthquakes of 2015. These earthquake response efforts also include cooperation in the rebuilding and reconstruction process, improving planning and preparation for future earthquakes, and strengthening Nepal’s overall capacity to mitigate disasters.